Recently, the mid-term results report seminar of the cultural industry standard research project “Research on Art Museum Lighting Quality Evaluation Method and System” undertaken by the National Museum of China was held in the National Art Museum of China. The art museum lighting industry standard has once again aroused heated discussions in the industry.
With the diversified development of society, today’s museums and art galleries must not only satisfy the public’s appreciation and research but also need to demonstrate professional ethics with universal standards around the world. More and more professionals and teams are participating in the construction of museums and art galleries. Among them, the lighting design that determines the light environment and space art effect of the museum is also particularly important.
The data shows that with the free opening, the number of national art museums has risen from more than 90 to more than 430 at present, entering a new round of rapid growth period. Therefore, the management of lighting quality in art galleries in my country should be strengthened, and the scientific operation of lighting should be standardized. It is imminent to ensure the quality of public services of art museums and the safety of cultural relics. The research team of “Research on the Method and System of Art Museum Lighting Quality Evaluation”, led by experts, investigated 3 museums and 39 representative art museums in 11 provinces and municipalities for two and a half months. Lighting quality is evaluated. According to the survey, 32% of the museums currently invest more than 5 million yuan in lighting, 38% of 1 million to 5 million yuan, 12% of 500,000 yuan to 1 million yuan, and 18% of less than 500,000 yuan.
The survey evaluated the light environment of the exhibition space (permanent exhibition, temporary exhibition) and non-display space (lobby hall, corridor and auxiliary space) of the art museum, and collected data on the visual physiological and psychological impact of different sample groups on different light sources. Through the survey, it was found that the audience had a poor sense of texture clarity and psychological pleasure in the lighting space of the permanent exhibition exhibits, while for the temporary exhibition, they felt that the three-dimensional expressiveness of the exhibits was weak and the artistic appeal of the light environment was poor. Through audience research, data collection, expert evaluation and in-depth research of five laboratories in the next stage, that is from the collection of various light source technical indicators, glare simulation experiments, visual physiological and psychological experiments, light quality experiments, and light-induced damage experiments, further Improve the evaluation index system.
It is understood that art galleries, museums, universities, research institutes and lighting companies have fully participated in the research. Through the two-way consultation of supply and demand, improve various technical requirements, and give necessary guidance to the production of enterprises, so as to realize the professional development of the art museum lighting industry. The participating experts also hope that the research results can further promote the development of related undertakings and play a positive role in the protection of cultural relics, lighting research and personnel training.