Establish a digital experimental field to promote the application of new technologies
A drone equipped with a spectroscopic camera flies over the field, and multiple white sensing devices are arranged in an orderly manner in the field. In a laboratory not far away, scientists are analyzing the wheat in the field based on the information sent back by various instruments. And the growing state of sugar beets... This small farmland is located in the central German city of Gttingen, and has an exclusive name-the "farmer space" digital experimental field.
"Plant diseases and insect pests affect the harvest of land. What we do is to use advanced digital technology to detect and identify diseases and insect pests as early as possible, and find accurate and effective solutions." Project coordinator Anne-Katrin Malein introduced "Farmer Space" to reporters. The test Tanaka installed IoT sensors to measure the temperature and humidity of soil layers of different thicknesses every 10 minutes, and aggregate the monitoring data through a wireless network. These data will help researchers pinpoint the specific time and location of crop infections. Malein said this will help avoid large-scale pesticide spraying in the later period. In the future, advanced agricultural machinery can also be used for regional protection to protect farmland and increase harvests. The "Farmer Space" project was jointly established by the Sugar Beet Research Institute and the Department of Agricultural Technology of the University of G?ttingen. The project is funded by approximately 2.5 million euros from the German Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (hereinafter referred to as the German Ministry of Agriculture) and is one of the 14 digital agriculture pilot projects funded by the Ministry. The German Ministry of Agriculture plans to invest more than 50 million euros in three years to promote the development of digital agriculture through the establishment of experimental fields. Researchers carry out research on the application of digital technology in farming and animal husbandry breeding in the field to better apply digital technology to all aspects of agricultural production, protect the natural environment, improve animal welfare, promote biodiversity and reduce farmers workload, and then promote the sustainable development of the entire society.
The digital agriculture demonstration field project not only improves the efficiency of traditional agricultural production, but also improves farmers' acceptance of digital technology. In the "farmer space", farmers can see a clear map of farmland directly on the screen in the tractor. It is clear at a glance which plot of land needs to be sprayed with pesticides and which plot of land has sufficient fertility. Stefan Paulus, a data expert at the Beet Research Institute, said that the promotion and application of new technologies are not always smooth sailing. In the "farmer space", experts promote its application by explaining and demonstrating new technologies to farmers. The experimental field allows the agricultural production of science and technology to be displayed more intuitively. According to the latest data of the German Information Technology, Telecommunications and New Media Association, 80% of the farms in Germany have adopted various forms of digital technology in the agricultural production process.
In order to better utilize the advantages of digital agriculture, the German Ministry of Agriculture has specially formulated a future plan for the "Agricultural Digital Policy". By the end of 2022, it plans to allocate 60 million euros to promote the digitalization and modernization of agriculture. The plan itself is also an important part of the German government's digital implementation strategy. In addition, the German government also plans to invest 45 million euros to promote the application of artificial intelligence in agriculture, rural areas, and healthy eating.